NESC publishes Council Report 140: Homeownership and Rental: What Road is Ireland On?
‘Homeownership and Rental: What Road is Ireland On?’
Hard choices are ahead, if Ireland is to meet the housing needs of its population in a sustainable and affordable way. A new report from the National Economic and Social Council (NESC) shows that certain groups will struggle to achieve homeownership—those on low incomes, single person and lone parent households, those in the larger urban areas and young people. In 1991, 65 per cent of unskilled 35–44 year olds were owner-occupiers, but by 2011 this had fallen to 49 per cent. For professional 35–44 year olds, the fall was from 91 to 80 per cent. The proportion of lone parents renting has also increased from 10 per cent in 2002 to 23 per cent in 2011. Owner-occupation continues to be much higher among Irish nationals than among those from other countries.
There are benefits to renting, such as low-entry costs, no investment risk and flexibility. In other countries, large well-managed rental sectors provide affordable housing with secure occupancy, help keep house prices low and stable, and support the economy. But in the Irish housing system renting provides less security of tenure than ownership and unpredictable rents. Those taking out a mortgage in a stable housing market build up an asset while paying their housing costs, but renters do not. A lower level of home ownership raises the issue of how a future generation of older people will be able to afford private rental accommodation out of their pension incomes.
As stated by Government in its recent Social Housing Strategy, the goals of housing policy are affordability, sustainability and inclusion. In the past, Government supported home ownership through local-authority loans, tenant purchase and generous mortgage interest relief. These have been greatly reduced. The trends in ownership and rental now pose challenging questions for Irish housing policy. Delivery of the commitments in the Social Housing Strategy is a critical first element. Beyond that, given the advantages of home ownership, does policy wish to promote it—or instead improve the availability and attractiveness of long-term rental? What policy approaches could promote affordable ownership or affordable and secure rental? Do we need a wider range of ownership options, such as co-operative housing or shared ownership? Speaking today, NESC Director Dr Rory O’Donnell said “Ireland needs to discuss its housing aspirations, the feasibility of policy measures to promote a high level of ownership, and comparison of these with measures to support the emergence of a larger rental sector that can provide secure affordable long-term occupancy’.
Note to Editors
The report was circulated to Government departments and noted by the Cabinet at its meeting on Tuesday 25th November 2014.
For further information please contact Rory O’Donnell,
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In June this year, the NESC Council published Social Housing at the Crossroads, which looked at the actions needed to support the development and financing of social housing in Ireland. The Council is also undertaking work on other aspects of housing and will report on these early in 2015. This work builds on earlier work by the Council. In particular, in 2004 the Council carried out a major study on housing called Housing in Ireland: Performance and Policy. The context of the 2004 report was the strong economic growth and construction boom. The dramatic change in Irish housing from 1990 to 2004 created many anxieties. The Council suggested that these clustered into three broad concerns: the stability of the housing market, the degree of inequality in the opportunities and difficulties experienced during the housing boom and the social, environmental, economic and fiscal sustainability of the settlement patterns and neighbourhoods developed in recent decades, and especially in since the early 1990s. A central focus of the analysis was how to achieve sufficient, affordable and good-quality housing to meet the increasing need and market demand.
To download the Main Report and Executive Summary, please click here
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